The Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) was created within FAPESP’s grant modality to support research communication. It is a digital collection of open access journals, edited by national scientific societies, professional associations, universities and research institutions.
SciELO’s Advisory Committee periodically advises on which new journals may be invited to become part of its collection, and which journals no longer satisfy its goals in terms of quality of content and regularity.
SciELO was publicly launched in 1998 as a pilot project, in collaboration with BIREME/PAHO/WHO, to create Brazilian knowhow in digital publication, and in metrics for evaluation of online scientific journals. A pioneer effort in Open Access, it has since become recognized as one of the most important open access programs in the world for scientific communication. Its publication model has been adopted by 15 other countries, which compose the SciELO Network of collections of open access periodicals that are edited nationally. This Network contains 1200 open access journals, which publish an average of 50 thousand papers per year.
By june 2019, SciELO Brazil was indexing 295 journals, which publish 21 thousand research papers per year. On the same month, its repository contained 350 thousand papers that, in 2018 alone, were accessed and/or downloaded in an average of 800 thousand times per months. Approximately 70% of SciELO’s journals are also indexed by Scopus or by Web of Science.