In 2016, from March 28th to April 1st FAPESP, the University of Michigan and the Ohio State University will organize FAPESP Week Michigan and Ohio. The symposium aims at strengthening the links between scientists from Brazil and United States with the objective of promoting research partnerships.
The São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) is a public taxpayer-funded foundation that has the mission of supporting research in all fields of knowledge within the State of São Paulo, Brazil.
FAPESP is aware that the very best research can be done only by working with the best researchers internationally. Therefore, it has established partnerships with funding agencies, companies, higher education and research organizations in other countries known by the quality of their research and has been encouraging scientists funded by its grants to further develop their international collaboration.
As part of these efforts, FAPESP organized symposiums and exhibitions in several countries, in cities as Washington, Morgantown, Cambridge, Charlotte, Raleigh, Chapel Hill, Berkeley and Davis (US), Barcelona, Buenos Aires, Toronto, Salamanca, Madrid, Tokyo, London, Beijing and Munich.
The State of São Paulo has a population of 44 million and generates 32% of Brazil’s GDP. Under the state constitution 1% of all state taxes are appropriated to fund FAPESP.
The stability of the funding and the autonomy of the foundation allow for an efficient management of the resources that has had a sizable impact: while São Paulo has 22% of the Brazilian population and 30% of the scientists with a doctorate in the country, the state responds for 45% of the country’s scientific articles published in international journals.
The effectiveness of research carried out in São Paulo is the combined result of several factors that include the quality of the state’s universities and institutes, the extraordinary productivity of its researchers, high rates of participation by private, São Paulo-based companies that function within the state’s R&D outlays, São Paulo’s outstanding infrastructure, and the existence of FAPESP, a well-designed state research-sponsoring agency governed, maintained by its directors with excellence and with autonomy over the past half century.
Within this context, in 2015 FAPESP applied $ PPP 629 million in scholarships and grants.
In accordance with the Foundation’s funding objectives, 40% of expenditure was earmarked for advancing knowledge, 8% was dedicated to supporting research infrastructure and 52% was allocated to supporting application-driven research.
FAPESP works in close contact with the scientific community: all proposals are peer reviewed with the help of panels composed of active researchers from the specific area. Many times scientists in São Paulo submit proposals for programs to the foundation which are carefully analyzed and, if deemed strong in academic terms, are shaped by the foundation into research programs that will constitute a set of related research projects in a given area.
Since FAPESP’s mandate is to foster research and scientific and technological development in the state, ideas for programs that couple world class research with contributions that will impact social problems are welcome.
University of Michigan
Founded in 1817, the University of Michigan is one of the most distinguished universities in the world and a leader in higher education. It is one of a small number of public institutions consistently ranked among the nation’s best universities, and it regularly is in the top three of the country’s public institutions, with over 51,000 students and 5,600 faculty at three campuses. The University of Michigan boasts of one of the largest health care complexes in the world, the best university library system in the country, and the some of the best computer access for students and faculty of any campus in the world. Over 5,500 undergraduate courses are taught each term in over 100 programs. Undergraduate, graduate and professional students have a choice of 17 separate schools and colleges, 588 majors, over 600 student organizations, 350 concerts and recitals every year, as well as hundreds of speakers, symposia, films, and readings.
The students at the University of Michigan come from all 50 states and over 100 foreign countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. Almost 50 percent come from the top five percent of their graduating high school class and 66 percent are in the top tenth of their class. U-M is the largest pre-med and pre-law university in the country; more Michigan students are accepted into U.S. medical schools than are students from any other undergraduate campus in the nation.
Michigan’s teaching and research staff is considered one of the top five faculties in the country. They have included astronauts, distinguished world authorities, Pulitzer Prize winners, Nobel Laureates, internationally acclaimed performing artists and composers, Supreme Court Justices, best-selling novelists, artists, and filmmakers. Michigan has more than 100 named endowed chairs.
UM has extensive existing and emerging collaborations with FAPESP, which are fostered by the Brazil Initiative at the Latin American and Caribbean Studies Center and the Brazil Platform at Global Reach. Both of these units have co-organized this event with FAPESP.
Ohio State University
The Ohio State University’s Columbus campus is one of America’s largest and most comprehensive. More than 58,000 students select from 15 colleges, 200 undergraduate majors and more than 260 master’s, doctoral, and professional degree programs. As Ohio’s best and one of the nation’s top-20 public universities, Ohio State is also recognized for its a top-rated academic medical center and a premier cancer hospital and research center.
The university’s total research expenditures in 2013-2014 topped $982.5 million, and Ohio State ranks fourth among all U.S. universities in industry-sponsored research. The university’s innovative prowess attains world-class status, particularly in critical areas such as cancer, infectious disease, advanced materials, and ag-bio products that feed and fuel the world.
An additional 6,500 students attend Ohio State’s regional campuses in Lima, Mansfield, Marion, and Newark, and the Agricultural Technical Institute in Wooster. Founded as a federal land-grant institution in 1870, the university has awarded 698,482 (as of August 2014) degrees since 1878. Its legacy extends to more than 500,000 living alumni.