1) FAPESP has a large number of agreements with foreign funding agencies, research performing organizations and companies to co-select and co-fund cooperative research. The opportunities for funding related to each agreement are announced on FAPESP’s website (www.fapesp.br/en/5399). Broadly speaking, the agreements are of two types:
a) Agreements offering seed funding, mostly for exchange of researchers and students and small workshops. In this case the foreign partner is generally a university or a research institution.
b) Agreements offering full funding for research projects, selected jointly by FAPESP and the partnering agency. In this case the foreign partner is generally a research funding agency or an industrial research laboratory.
2) The SPRINT – São Paulo Researchers in International Collaboration program was designed to encourage and promote the advancement of scientific research through the engagement of researchers affiliated with research institutions in the state of São Paulo with researcher partners abroad. It aims to provide funding for the initial phase of international research collaborations with clear expectations that the next phase will be a presentation, by the researchers from the State of São Paulo, of research proposals in the regular funding lines of FAPESP aiming to continue the research started under SPRINT and the consequently consolidation of the partnership.
3) Despite that, scientists supported by FAPESP grants and fellowships are encouraged by the Foundation to develop international collaborations through the following institutional instruments:
a) Most research grants and fellowships awarded by FAPESP include funds that can be used, at the discretion of the PI and according to FAPESP’s rules, for international research collaboration.
b) FAPESP’s Visiting Researcher Program (VRP) grants for foreign scientists are selected using a peer review system. In 2011, from a total of 243 evaluated proposals, 199 were funded. These grants cover stipends and travel expenses for foreign scientists visiting colleagues in higher education and research institutions in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, for periods from two weeks to one year.
c) FAPESP’s Research Fellowships Abroad (BPE) support scientists associated to higher education and research institutions in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, for stays from one month to one year in qualified research institutions abroad. Funding covers fellowships and travel expenses. In 2011 FAPESP evaluated 255 proposals and approved 178.
d) The São Paulo Schools of Advanced Science (SPSAS) support the organization of short schools (1 to 3 weeks) targeting recent scientific advances and presented in higher education and research institutions in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Typically, each SPSAS gathers between 50 and 150 doctoral students and young post-docs, half of those from abroad, and from 7 to 20 high profile Brazilian and foreign lecturers. In 2010 and 2011 FAPESP supported, respectively, 7 and 13 SPSAS.
e) Through the Research Internships Abroad (BEPE) FAPESP offers to all of its fellowship holders in the State of São Paulo the opportunity to spend from 4 to 12 months as research interns in foreign high profile research centers, working in a theme associated to the research project the candidate is developing in São Paulo. This action started in October 2011 and 87 candidates were awarded throughout the end of that year.