Workshop Bioenergy & Sustainability – Latin America and Africa


BIOENERGY & SUSTAINABILITY: Latin America and Africa
A SCOPE Mini Rapid Assessment Process (Mini-RAP)

November 1st, 2016

Venue: FAPESP – Rua Pio XI, 1500 – Alto da Lapa – São Paulo



Welcome coffee and registration



José Goldemberg (FAPESP)
Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz (FAPESP)
Jon Samseth (SCOPE)
Francis Johnson (Stockholm Environment Institute)
Rodrigo Cianella (World Agroforestry Center)
Glaucia Souza (Universidade de São Paulo)

9:30 – 10:00  

Keynote Speech
Gerard Ostheimer (Global Lead for Sustainable Bioenergy - UN Sustainable Energy For All Initiative, USA)

10:00 – 10:30

Keynote Speech
Ogunlade Davidson (University of Sierra Leone; Co-Chair of WG III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and Co-Chair of the Steering Committee of the Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD), Sierra Leone)

10:30 – 11:00

Keynote Speech 
Jeff Skeer (IRENA, International Renewable Energy Agency, Senior Programme Officer for Technical Cooperation, USA) (tbc)

11:00 – 11:30 

Ruhiza Boroto (FAO, Senior Water Resources Development and Management, Ghana)

11:30 – 12:00 

Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz (FAPESP Scientific Director, Brazil)

12:00 – 12:30

General discussion

12:30 – 2:00 pm


2:00 – 3:00 pm

Round Table on Bioenergy & Energy Security and Food Security

Rodrigo Ciannella (World Agroforestry Center, ICRAF, Kenya)
Daniel Bouille (Fundacion Bariloche, Argentina)
Helena Chum (National Renewable Energy Labs, USA)
Helen Watson (Kwazulu-Natal University, South Africa)
Patricia Osseweijer (BE-BASIC, The Netherlands)

3:00 – 4:00 pm

Round Table on Bioenergy & Environmental Security, Climate Security, Sustainable Development and Innovation

Navin Sharma (World Agroforestry Center, ICRAF, Kenya)
Vicky Ballester (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)
Carlos Klink (Universidade de Brasília, Brazil)
Rocio Diaz-Chavez (Imperial College, UK)
Sergio Trindade (SE2T International, USA)

4:00 – 5:00 pm

4 pm – 5 pm The Africa-Latin America link on bioenergy: potential and challenges

Speakers: Luis Cortez (UNICAMP, Brazil), Luiz Augusto Horta Nogueira (UNIFEI and UNICAMP, Brazil), Regis Leal (CTBE, Brazil) and Marcelo Moreira (Agroicone, Brazil)

Round table: 
Francis Yamba (CEEEZ, Zambia)
Graham Von Maltitz (CSIR, South Africa)
Helen Watson (KwaZulu-Natal University, South Africa)
Lee Lynd (Dartmouth College, USA)
Rui da Maia (UDT, Mozambique)
Sergio Trindade (SE2T International, USA)

5:00 – 6:00 pm

Closing Remarks

Rapporteurs present Day 1 conclusions and take note of points raised during Day 2 discussions.

Discussion leaders lead the General Debate in turns.

Experts will discuss the current status of bioenergy production in Africa, Latin America as well as future trends and their effects on policy, market, communication and innovation strategies.

About SCOPE Bioenergy & Sustainability: bridging the gaps

Under the leadership of researchers associated to the FAPESP Research Programs on Bioenergy (BIOEN), Biodiversity (BIOTA) and Climate Change (RPGCC), 137 experts from 24 countries and 82 institutions have collaborated to analyze a range of issues related to the sustainability of bioenergy production and use. A global scientific evaluation on Bioenergy & Sustainability under the aegis of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE – as conducted using the SCOPE RAP (Rapid Assessment Project) concept, and an international workshop was held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, in December 2013. For the workshop we commissioned 14 background chapters that were used as the basis to produce 4 chapters on crosscutting issues covering Energy Security, Food Security, Environmental Security, Climate Security, Sustainable Development and Innovation. All background and crosscutting chapters went through a rigorous peer review process. The synthesis of knowledge volume is available free of charge as an e-publication and a limited edition print, and includes 21 chapters, totalizing 700 pages and 2,000 references as part of the SCOPE series.

The report, referencing over 2,000 studies, provides a wide-ranging analysis of the current bioenergy landscape, technology, production financing systems and markets, and the potential for sustainable growth of bioenergy use, in parallel with a critical review of its impacts.

An additional outcome of the project was the production of a SCOPE Policy Brief (

The SCOPE authors affirm that sufficient land is available worldwide for expansion of biomass cultivation, that most of this land is in Latin America and Africa, and that the use of these areas for bioenergy production would not represent a threat to food security and biodiversity under certain conditions. Bioenergy could contribute significantly to the development of a low carbon economy and climate change mitigation efforts. Moreover, they present evidence that soil improvement technologies, production chain integration and use of bioenergy byproducts in poor rural areas could boost economic performance, enhance food quality, reduce pollution and create jobs.

The SCOPE Bioenergy & Sustainability synthesis of knowledge volume can be assessed here:

The SCOPE RAP Process

SCOPE Bioenergy & Sustainability (2015) is the outcome of a rapid Assessment Process (RAP) that took place at UNESCO in Paris in 2013. The RAP is a longstanding and highly effective SCOPE mechanism for rapid review and synthesis of complex scientific evidence to inform policy. International experts prepare background chapters, summarising the state of knowledge within their disciplinary field. These chapters are completed, peer-reviewed, and circulated in advance of an international synthesis workshop.

We are very much aware that since the preparation of our assessment, which started in 2013, many new developments have taken place in science, policy and industry related to the field. To revisit the conclusions of the SCOPE Bioenergy & Sustainability report we are preparing this workshop to be held at FAPESP premises with a focus on Africa and Latin America in view of the region INDCs ( and evaluate possible sinergies with the Sustainable Development Goals ( The organization of the event will count with the participation of the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and theStockholm Environment Institute (SEI) in Nairobi, besides FAPESP Programs BIOEN, BIOTA and Climate Change and FAPESP project LACAF.

Until November 1st we will use the SCOPE Mini-RAP format to discuss current status, potential, and policy for effective deployment efforts and the gaps of knowledge for maximizing bioenergy benefits in Latin America and Africa. As the outcome we will produce a policy brief that will be discussed on November 1st with representatives from brazilian and international research institutions and funding agencies, government and non-governmental organizations and the press, to disseminate the results of the assessment and its relevance in regards to climate change and sustainable development.

Around 100 experts will be invited to debate the main conclusions and recommendations of the policy brief.

We hope that by hearing researchers, the industry, government and non-government organizations we will be able to broaden the scope of the project, include all sectors that participate in the decision making process and produce solution-oriented policy recommendations for the sustainable expansion of bioenergy in the world.

Scientific Advisory Committee

1. Glaucia Mendes Souza (Universidade de São Paulo) (Mini-RAP Chairperson)
2. Reynaldo Victoria (Universidade de São Paulo)
3. Paulo Artaxo (Universidade de São Paulo)
4. Luciano Verdade (Universidade de São Paulo)
5. Carlos Joly (UNICAMP)
6. Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz (FAPESP)
7. José Goldemberg (FAPESP)
8. Jon Samseth (SCOPE, Oslo and Akershus University College, Norway)
9. Theo Beckers (Tilburg University, The Netherlands)
10. Francis Johnson (Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden and Kenya)
11. Brian Huntley (Stellembosch University, South Africa)
12. Jeremy Woods (Imperial College, UK)
13. Helena Chum (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, USA)

Local Organizing Committee

1. Glaucia Mendes Souza (FAPESP BIOEN Program)
2. Reynaldo Victoria (FAPESP Climate Change Program)
3. Paulo Artaxo (FAPESP Climate Change Program)
4. Luciano Verdade (FAPESP BIOTA Program)
5. Vicky Ballester (Universidade de São Paulo)
6. Heitor Cantarella (FAPESP BIOEN Program)
7. Luis Cortez (UNICAMP) 


The Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment is a nongovernmental organization founded in 1969, a cross-sectoral, trans-disciplinary and international network for environmental issue knowledge exchange, connecting experts and institutions around the world. It is recognised for its authoritative, independent and influential scientific analyses and assessments of emerging environmental challenges and opportunities that are caused by or impact humans and the environment. It collaborates with inter-governmental agencies such as UNESCO and UNEP and with other partners in the development of its scientific programme and outreach activities.

SCOPE is an international forum brings together scientists, practitioners and decision makers through high‐level workshops, symposia and publications to review the current understanding of environmental issues, provide expert knowledge for regional and global syntheses, interact with policy and development needs to inform options and recommendations for environmentally‐sound policy and management strategies, and stimulate new research and policy approaches.

c/o UNESCO - 1, rue Miollis
75015 Paris, FRANCE
Email, Tel. +33 (0)1 4568 4571

FAPESP Research Programs BIOEN, BIOTA, and Climate Change

BIOEN, the FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program aims at articulating public and private R&D, using academic and industrial laboratories to advance and apply knowledge in fields related to bioenergy production in Brazil. The BIOEN Program includes five divisions:

  1. Division of Biomass Research, with focus on sugarcane and including plant improvement and sugarcane farming;

  2. Division of Biofuel Technologies;

  3. Division of Biorefineries, Sugar Chemistry, Alcohol Chemistry and Oil Chemistry;

  4. Division of Ethanol Applications for Motor Vehicles

  5. Division of Impacts and Sustainability: Social and economic, environmental studies, land use, intellectual property.

The BIOEN Program has a solid core for supporting academic exploratory research related to these topics. It is expected that these exploratory activities will generate new knowledge and form scientists and professionals essential for advancing industry capacity in ethanol related technologies. BIOEN establishes partnerships with industry for cooperative R&D activities between industrial laboratories and academic laboratories at universities and research institutes, which are to be co-funded by FAPESP and industry.

BIOTA/FAPESP Program, the Virtual Institute of Biodiversity, officially began in 1999, and aims at collecting, organizing and disseminating information about São Paulo's biodiversity.

Officially created in March 1999, BIOTA-FAPESP is the result of three years of articulation of the scientific community concerned with the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The major aim of BIOTA-FAPESP is to inventory and characterize the biodiversity of the State of São Paulo, and define the mechanisms for its conservation and sustainable use.

FAPESP Research Program on Global Climate Change - (RPGCC) aims at advancing knowledge on Global Climate Change. The foundation expects that the results of the selected research projects will assist in scientifically orienting decisions and policy in the field.

The Program has a substantial technological component for the development of the appropriate technologies for the future, not merely concerning innovative technologies for the mitigation of emissions, but also technologies for adaptation in all sectors and activities, given that the degree of climate change has now become inevitable.

The Program also develops an observational component, which should involve the recovery and expansion of regional and paleo-climatic climatic observations, to overcome the lack of quality environmental observations for research, which has proved to be an enormous obstacle to the scientific advance of the subject in Brazil. This is obtained in association with other funding mechanisms both internal and external to the State of São Paulo. Finally, it should be highlighted that the Program includes a research component on the science and climate policy interface.

The Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) is an independent and international policy research institute that has been working at the intersection of environment and development issues for over twenty-five years. SEI’s mission is to support decision-making and induce change towards sustainable development around the world by providing integrative knowledge that bridges science and policy.  The SEI conducts interdisciplinary scientific analysis and policy-oriented research and engages closely with stakeholders and decision-makers. In 2015, SEI was ranked in the Global Go To Think Tank Index as the 2nd most influential environmental think tank in the world and the leading one based outside the U.S.A. The SEI was formally established in 1989 with headquarters in Stockholm and has six other centers or offices located in the U.S., U.K., Estonia, Thailand and Kenya. The SEI Africa Centre is located in Nairobi and hosted at the World Agroforestry Centre. 

The world agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) is implementing the four-year Programme for the Development of Alternative Biofuel Crops in partnership with centres of excellence in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Launched in 2013 with seed capital from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), this initiative was designed to conduct research in development along several biofuel value chains, while at the same time strengthening food security and improving the livelihoods of smallholders. Pursuing a landscape approach, the programme has already started operations in India, Brazil and Kenya where it is developing sustainable agroforestry systems with integrated food and energy production. The Programme is also one of ICRAF's pillars for the implementation of its new Strategy on Tree-based Energy.